Eight key points in daily management of broiler chicken breeding

Due to the excessive growth rate of commercial broilers, the adaptability and disease resistance of broilers to the environment are reduced. At the same time, they are easily affected by various factors such as feed quality, resulting in lower feed return rates, high dead skin rates in broilers, and ultimately economic losses. Therefore, when raising broilers in winter and spring, it is very important to master the following aspects of broiler feeding and management. Daily hygiene management mainly includes disinfection, feed, drinking water, bedding, sports ground cleaning, ventilation, temperature control, chicken manure cleaning, etc.

free range chicken farms

1. Disinfection

1.1 Chicken house cleaning and disinfection procedures

Clean the chicken manure on the ground of the chicken house→Clean the chicken house→Disinfect with disinfectant king spray→Disinfect the ground and walls with caustic soda + quicky apply lime water after drying→Open the window to ventilate→Disinfect the inside and outside of the disinfection king spray house after drying→vacate pending seedlings → spray once with disinfectant a week before seedlings.

1.2 Sports ground disinfection

Sports field cleaning → spray with caustic soda

1.3 Disinfection of utensils (including films, food trays, buckets, buckets, automatic drinking fountains, etc.)

The equipment in the chicken house is soaked with a disinfectant solution for 1 day, washed with water and dried, then put into the disinfected chicken house.

1.4 Disinfection and anti-epidemic work after selling chickens

After the chickens are sold, the person who touches the chickens must wash their hair and take a bath. After changing the clothes and shoes, put them in disinfectant and soak them before washing.

1.5 Disinfection tank

There is a sterilization pond at the door of the chicken coop. Iron appliances cannot be used. According to the regulations, the disinfectant should be replaced once a day to maintain the effective concentration.

1.6 Disinfection with chickens

Sterilization of chickens is one of the important measures for the prevention of disease in medium and large chickens. One day before the vaccine and one day (a total of 3 days) can not be disinfected. Take the chickens to be disinfected no less than once a day, and the surrounding environment of the chicken house should be disinfected no less than two times a week. Winter and Spring disinfection times can be carried out when the temperature is highest at noon (the actual situation is flexible).

2. Feed hygiene management

2.1 Feed must be kept fresh

The storage time should not be too long, preferably 10-20 days.

2.2 Feed preservation

Stacked overhead in a ventilated, dry, cool place, not against the wall.

2.3 Open plate hygiene

The food tray should be used within 1-3 days after entering the chicken, and the chicken manure and other debris should be cleaned before each feeding.

2.4 Small bucket hygiene

Use the small bucket for 4-21 days, gradually add the bucket on the 3rd day, and gradually remove the food tray. Lift the small bucket on the 6th day. The height of the small bucket edge and the size of the chicken back should be high and level. Clean the sanitation of the bucket before each feeding.

2.5 Large bucket hygiene

From 18 days to the harvest period, use large buckets. Gradually add large buckets on the 18th day, and gradually reduce the number of small buckets. Lift the large bucket on the 25th day. The bucket edge height and medium-sized chickens should have a back height that is equal, and the hygiene of the bucket is cleaned before each feeding. 26 Refilling method – refer to this procedure for each refilling. Day 1 chicken feed 23. Middle chicken 1/3: Day 2 chicken feed 12. Medium chicken feed 1/2: Day 3 chicken feed 13. Middle chicken feed 23. Mixed feeding: all the chicken feed on day 4.

2.6 Refueling method

Refer to this procedure for each refill. Day 1 chicken feed 2/3, medium chicken feed 1/3; Day 2 chicken feed 1/2, medium chicken feed 1/2; Day 3 chicken feed 1 /3, medium chicken feed 2/3, mixed feeding; on the 4th day all medium chicken feed is used.

2.7 Chick feed management

After the chicks are bought, they must adapt to the conditions for 3 to 5 days. Feed 4 times a day and 2 times at night. The temperature is controlled at 28 to 30 degrees. The feeding conditions of the chicks should be carefully observed every day when feeding. Anorexia is the result of chicks not liking to eat. Other phenomena should also be taken seriously. Adjust the feed formula in a timely manner and add a small amount of digestive drugs to the feed to help the chicks increase their appetite. Add a small amount of sugar to the drinking water every day to increase the chicks’ physique and allow the chicks to come out of the cage as soon as possible. So that they can adapt to the new environment.

3. Drinking water hygiene management

The best water for raising chickens is tap water or deep well water

Water the seedlings with a small bucket within 15 days after planting. On the 12th day, you can replace the automatic water dispenser and gradually reduce the number of small buckets.

Use a small kettle to clean the inside of the bucket each time you add water. The usage time of each bucket of water is about 8 hours: the automatic water dispenser is flushed every morning, the water level is 2/3 of the depth of the bucket, and the height of the bucket edge is as high as the back of a medium-sized chicken and at the same level.

The water tower is placed in the chicken house and must be covered and cleaned once a day. After feeding the medicine, it must be washed immediately.

Water pipes are flushed every 15 days and thoroughly disinfected and cleaned when empty.

There should be 20-25 drinking fountains of about 4 liters for every 1,000 days of age, containing fresh, clean drinking water. Some customers often have drinking fountains of varying degrees, resulting in varying degrees of water shortage for the chicks, resulting in “dry-footed chickens”. Such chicks grow later, which also affects the uniformity of the flock. Drinkers should be placed near heat sources and alternate with feeders.

The water cannot be stopped. Drinking water must be clean and hygienic and free of pathogenic microorganisms. Water dispensers should be cleaned and disinfected before filling.

The water line is too large when using an automatic water dispenser. After 5-7 days, the water dispenser should be gradually moved to automatic. When 8-10 days old, the water fountain should be gradually removed, several times a day, so that the chicks can discover new water sources. If necessary, leave the waterer in place for 14 days to give the chicks enough time to fully adapt to the automatic waterer.

If a water tank is used, each chicken must have at least 2 cm of direct drinking water (the calculation includes the positions on both sides of the drinking water tank).

The height of the waterer should be adjusted appropriately as the chickens grow. The edge of the drinker is at the same height as the chicken’s back. This reduces water spillage, keeps the litter dry, and helps the birds drink water more easily.

Drinking fountains should be placed so that chickens can drink within 2.0m.

broiler chicken farming

4. Plastic matting

  •  Using plastic matting can make getting sick on the ground easy due to moisture, and this problem is effectively solved with a manure leakage plate. The height of the manure leakage plate is 40-50 cm. If using an automatic dung scraper, the height should be 60 cm.
  • According to the living habits of chickens, chicken manure does not need to be cleaned every day but can be cleaned once in a while.
  • For each batch of chickens, the farmer can disassemble, disinfect, and clean the house, and then install it again.

5. Sports ground hygiene management

  • The sports ground should be level, free from water accumulation, and disinfected no less than twice a week.
  • The water on the edge of the sports ground is well maintained. It is frequently cleaned, and there is no inspection after rain.
  • Protective measures should be taken on the yard to prevent other animals from attacking each other.
  • General environmental sanitation around the chicken house. No other poultry and chicken manure farms are allowed to be raised around the chicken house.

6. Control ventilation

  • While ventilating be careful not to cause the temperature in the house to rise and fall suddenly. Prevent the disease caused by the stress reaction caused by the excessive temperature difference. The vent should be more than 1.5 meters above the back of the chicken.
  • When the temperature drops suddenly and the cold and heat insulation work cannot keep up, it is easy to make broilers feel cold outside, and respiratory diseases characterized by coughing, sneezing, tracheal rales, dyspnea and other symptoms occur. Therefore, the breeder should keep an eye on climate change and do a good job in cold and heat preservation.
  • The chicken coop should be repaired to prevent the wind from reaching the chickens.
  • Broiler flocks raised on flat ground should be thickened with litter to increase the indoor temperature. Change the litter frequently and open the window at noon for ventilation. In general, start ventilation at 6 days of age, and increase the amount of ventilation with increasing age to ensure the chickens have enough oxygen.

7. Temperature control

When chicks are over-adapted to raising, the temperature must be controlled. The temperature should drop by 2 to 3 degrees every 7 to 10 days. As the temperature of the food decreases, feeding amounts should be reduced once a week. Do a good job of grazing and control the daily grazing time to 6 to 8 hours. As the chicks grow, the grazing time gradually increases, which can improve the chicks’ disease resistance and allow the chicks to adapt to the environment around the chicken farm as soon as possible.

8. Chicken manure cleaning

It is best to use an automatic manure cleaner for daily cleaning of chicken manure, and clean it every 3-5 days. The automatic manure cleaning machine needs to be installed under the mesh bed, only 60 cm away from the mesh bed.

Every time broilers are sold, it is best to flush and disinfect them with high-pressure water pipes. If it is a breeding farm, it should be carried out on the ground according to the design of medium high and medium low, so that the chicken manure can enter the septic tank along the low places on both sides to achieve harmlessness. Governance and elimination of losses caused by environmental pollution.