Poultry farms require essential best automatic chicken waterer that ensures the provision of clean water at all times. The equipment should be reliable, uncloggable, leak-proof, disease-resistant, and easy to administer medication. Commonly used water drinking equipment includes vacuum-type water drinkers, hanging tower-type water drinkers, nipple-type water drinkers, cup-type water drinkers, and long troughs.

(1) Tower-shaped vacuum water drinker

It is usually composed of a pointed cylindrical barrel and a bottom plate with a diameter slightly larger than the barrel. The top and side walls of the barrel are sealed, and there are 1-2 small round holes (0.5-1.0 cm in diameter) 2.5 cm from the bottom plate. When in use, fill the barrel with water to the hole position, then put the bottom plate on it and turn it over, so that air can enter the barrel through the gaps and small holes, allowing water to flow to the bottom plate. When the water level in the barrel is higher than the small hole, air cannot enter, a vacuum is formed on the top of the barrel, and water cannot flow, thus ensuring that the water level in the bottom plate is always kept at a slightly higher position than the upper edge of the small hole until the water in the barrel is used up. This water dispenser has a simple structure, is easy to use, and is easy to clean and disinfect. It can be made of galvanized iron, plastic, or even large glass bottles, which is easy to use and popular.

(2) V-shaped or U-shaped water trough

V-shaped sinks are mostly made of galvanized iron. In the past, caged chickens mostly used V-shaped sinks, but after about 3 years of use, they had to be replaced due to corrosion and leakage. The U-shaped sink made of plastic solves the problem of corrosion and leakage of V-shaped sinks. It is easy to use, easy to clean, and has a long service life.

Long-flow sink
The sink is equipped with a normally open faucet at one end and an overflow plug and an outlet pipe at the other end to control the liquid level. When cleaning, just pull out the overflow plug.

Float valve sink
One end of the sink is connected to the float chamber, which is equipped with a float and a valve. When the water level in the sink drops, the float falls, the valve is opened, and water flows into the sink. When the water level reaches a certain height, the float rises, the valve is closed, and the water flow is stopped.

Spring valve sink
The entire sink is suspended on the spring valve, and the weight of the internal water is used to control the opening and closing of the valve.

(3) Hanging tower water drinker

It is hung inside the chicken house and does not hinder the activities of the chickens. It is a common waterer for free-range chickens. It consists of a water tray and a control mechanism. The water tray is a plastic tower with a hollow center and circular grooves around it for the chickens to drink water. The upper end of the valve body that controls the water outlet is connected to the main water pipe through a hose, and the other end is hung on the ceiling with a rope. The water tray is hung on the control rod of the valve body to control the opening and closing of the water outlet valve. When the water tray is empty, the spring overcomes the weight of the water tray, moves the control rod upward, opens the water outlet valve, and allows water to flow into the circular groove along the surface of the water tray. When the water level reaches a certain height, the weight of the water tray increases, the tension of the spring increases, and the control rod moves downward, closing the water outlet valve and stopping the water flow.

(4) Nipple water drinker

It consists of a valve core and a lever, which is directly connected to the water pipe. Due to capillary action, there is always a drop of water hanging on the lever. When the chicken needs to drink water, it only needs to peck at the lever and the water will flow out. After the chicken has finished drinking, the lever will block the waterway and stop the water from flowing. This waterer is installed above the chicken’s head, allowing the chicken to raise its head to drink water. It can be installed inside or outside the cage, and the installation height can be adjusted according to the size of the chicken.

(5) Cup-type water drinker

It is shaped like a cup and is connected to a water pipe. There is a trigger plate on the cup that always retains some water. When the chicken pecks the trigger plate, the valve opens and lets water flow into the cup. After the chicken drinks the water, the buoyancy of the water helps the trigger plate return to its original position, stopping the water flow.