What is chicken farming?

Eggs are a popular source of protein that are healthier and tastier than cholesterol-laden red meat. Due to its high value, it is mostly used during festivals and special occasions. The process of producing chicken is called poultry farming.

How can a newbie succeed in poultry farming?

Due to the increasing demand for chicken and eggs and the pursuit of self-employment, many people are interested in switching their careers to poultry farming, but with mixed results. Some people succeed, while others fail due to poor planning. They failed because their plans failed. If you have such a plan, or you are already involved in a poultry farming project and want to expand it, you need to consider the following factors:

Three factors that can make poultry farming a profitable business
There are many more factors that make your poultry farming business a profitable venture, but I will only highlight three main ones:

Food is one of the most basic human needs. Regardless of economic conditions, humans must eat, and since poultry is a consumable product, this makes poultry farming projects feasible.
Take Nigeria, for example, which has a population of over 150 million and counting. It should be remembered that a large population means a huge demand for food items such as eggs and meat.
As awareness of the health effects of red meat increases, so does the demand for white meat, of which birds are also a source.
But before I describe the details of starting a poultry farm business, I want to emphasize that the information provided here does not replace your need to do your research, create a plan for this business, and go the extra mile.


Three secrets to success in the poultry industry

Ensure appropriate and healthy living environment for birds
The most important factors to consider are the poultry housing system and fencing options. The poultry rearing system determines the success rate of poultry farming up to 40%. A good housing system is the most important purpose of your business. Commonly used feeding systems in poultry farming are:

Expansion system: folding and range units;
Semi-intensive system: standard semi-intensive unit and straw yard;
Strengthen the system:
1) Deep garbage;
2) Wire and slate floors;
3) Straw field;
4) Battery cage
Free-range system: In a free-range poultry farming system, chickens can move around on their own in search of food. In most cases, this system cannot be used commercially in poultry farming because of the high risks involved.
Deep litter system: This system may spread wood chips and sawdust over the concrete on the ground where all the chickens sit and the dust can act as a “cushion” for them. Dust can be replaced periodically by removing and replacing dust or delamination. Many poultry farmers use a litter system because it increases efficiency and makes it easier to manage large flocks of birds than other processes, but in the event of a disease outbreak it can spread disease more quickly and can result in the removal of unproductive birds. becomes more difficult.
Battery Cage System: A battery cage system is the construction of a metal cage within an aviary building. The cage is usually divided into different compartments to house a small group of birds. The cage also has feeding troughs, water troughs and egg-laying nests. If bird droppings fall on the floor, clean it mechanically with a scraper. This process is considered the most effective way to increase egg production, but the main disadvantage of this method is that it is more expensive to build and maintain compared to other forms of poultry rearing systems.
If you are the owner of a poultry farm for commercial purposes and your intention is simply to obtain the best results for your business, i.e. to increase the productivity and efficiency of your poultry. You should then be able to consider the housing and intensive systems your birds will use. Keep in mind that the per cent housing system has its own advantages and disadvantages. Finally, your poultry farm house structure should be built at a specific angle, taking into account sunlight and wind.
To get the best deal on other chicken cages, I recommend checking out these battery cages.


Get effective marketing strategies in your chicken business plan

For broilers

Chickens that reach marketable weight should be sold. They should always be harvested as planned. When the harvest schedule approaches, farm representatives should be able to be alerted to ensure delivery trucks arrive in a timely manner.

This must ensure that the birds do not consume extra feed due to longer stays on the farm, without beneficial effects on the birds.

for independent growers

Alternative markets should be investigated even before harvest to ensure there is an adequate market for broiler chickens. One should also be able to make marketing arrangements with local hotels, restaurants, cafeterias, institutional buyers, all these stores with freezers. Common interests should also be brought closer through negotiations between different associations and market cooperatives. Organized producers also have some bargaining power in terms of sales prices. Producers are advised to calculate which one is more profitable to sell. Prepared or live chickens can be sold on the farm or taken to market. Broilers may be sold at optimal weight. More profit can be achieved if the broiler chickens can be sold at a live weight of between 1.3 and 1.5 kg, depending on consumer preference.

for edible eggs

Before investing in egg production, you must research the market. Marketing arrangements can be made at local department stores, local hotels, restaurants, local bakeries, cafeterias, grocery stores, and other frequent users. This ensures regular orders for eggs. Graded or sorted eggs for sale. Appropriate grading or classification may appeal to all types of consumers. This will allow consumers to make purchasing decisions based on the size of the eggs they have on hand. It is best to only sell clean eggs. Dry cleaning or wet cleaning of eggs should be good practice on the farm. Minimize egg breakage and spoilage.

Poultry farming can be highly profitable if done correctly with acceptable methods and conditions that are conducive to the poultry. All types of livestock farming, including poultry, follow certain operating principles if they are to be profitable, but if farm authorities ignore these principles, serious losses can result.

The over-motivation for starting any business is to make a profit. It becomes unfortunate. However, many poultry farmers do not take the time to understand why some poultry farmers fail. It is a known fact that most poultry farmers are forced out of business because they are unable to make a profit. A lot of work needs to be done for a poultry farming project to be successful. Experts say, “This is not something for lazy people.” If you are starting with baby chicks, it is much better to start with day old chicks than with older chicks. If you are interested in laying eggs and selling your laying hens once they are grown, it is recommended that beginners start the project with chicks that are approximately 300 days old. It can take about 18-20 weeks or 5 months to feed and nurture the birds before they start laying eggs.

On average, 100 chickens lay at least 80 eggs per day. So, if the entrepreneur can start the project with 300 birds and 280 survive, then he will be able to get at least 240 eggs per day, which is better production. Once the birds begin laying eggs, they will continue to do so for nearly 74 weeks before it is time to be processed. However, if fed properly, these birds can still lay eggs nearly 74 weeks later.